Why is it important to have ABS brakes in cars in India
Many new car buyers in India are not willing to pay the extra costs for the option of ABS brakes in the new car they are buying. We want to highlight the importance of ABS brakes and how it can be a life saver in emergency braking situations, especially during the rainy season in India, when the roads are wet.
ABS brakes prevents the car wheels from locking and skidding when braked hard on a slippery road. With ABS brakes you can steer the car with full brakes applied, even on very slippery roads. With ABS brakes the braking distance for a car to come to a full stop is much shorter than if there where no ABS brakes.
Another advantage of ABS brakes is that it increases the life of tyres on Indian roads. When you brake hard a car without ABS Brakes the tyres skid and the area of the tyre in contact with the road gets worn out. Frequent use of hard braking on Indian roads lead to the tyre getting worn out in different areas on the tyre and this leads to the tyre getting out of balance and causing vibrations. Also the life of a tyre in a car with ABS brakes is much longer than on a car without ABS brakes.
See ABS car brakes in action
We have here a YouTube video about ABS brakes in India from Bosch and it is quite a revelation. Please watch it
This is what Bosch says "Studies show that every 5th accident on Indian highways can be altogether avoided by the intervention of ABS. Worldwide India today has the highest number of road accidents fatalities. By 2016 India will become the third largest automotive market in the world. Active safety systems like ABS help maintain steerability and vehicle stability during emergency braking. In Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Columbia ABS will soon become mandatory for all vehicles. ........More
Facts about ABS Brakes
'ABS Brakes' originally stood for the German word 'AntiBlockierSystem', but in the English speaking world it is now understood to be the abbreviation for 'Anti-lock Brake System'. ABS prevents the wheels from locking and skidding when a car is braked. ABS releases the break individually on the wheel that locks during braking and re-applies the brake repeatedly many times per second. Since the wheel does not lock and skid, the driver has steering control of the car even with full brakes applied even at a high speed. So ABS brakes are a big safety factor during emergency breaking.
Though there were many attempts to fit ABS brakes on cars from the 1960s, Bosch of Germany was the first manufacturer to make an effective production ABS Brake System from 1978 onwards. Mercedes-Benz S-Class cars were the first cars fitted with Bosch ABS brake system. Now worldwide more than 75 percent of all new cars are fitted with ABS Brakes.
Do we really need ABS Brakes in India
Even though there is less chance of hitting high speeds on Indian roads, ABS brakes should be considered an essential important safety option for cars in India.
This is because of the so many dangers on Indian roads like cyclists, pedestrians and animals suddenly appearing before your car and making it necessary to apply hard brakes. During the rains the Indian roads are very slippery and when applying hard brakes on a non-ABS car, it is sure to skid and the driver will lose total steering control of the car. This could lead to serious accidents. An ABS brake in such a situation is a life saver because you can control and steer the car even during hard braking and also the car will stop at a much shorter distance than a car without ABS brakes.
New developments in ABS brakes
New developments in ABS brakes are 'Electronic Brakeforce Distribution' or EBD, Traction Control System or TCS, Emergency Brake Assist or EBA and Electronic Stability Control or ESC. These are all improvements on the basic ABS breaking system. Electronic Brakeforce Distribution EBD electronically adjusts the break force on each wheel individually to just below the skidding point of that wheel, Emergency Brake Assist EBA assists the driver in applying full force on the brake pedal when he applies brakes in a panic during an emergency.